Multilingual Music Glossary

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

E

  • early music European music from the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the Baroque.
  • easy listening A genre of popular music that is meant to be soothing and relaxing to the listener.
  • echo A repetition or mimicking of a certain passage, usually with less force and volume than the original statement.
  • eclogue A rustic poem usually having to do with shepherds, springtime and love. In Romantic piano music, a light, lyrical, uncomplicated composition.
  • eight note A note having the time duration of one eighth of a whole note.
  • eilen [German] To hasten, to accelerate.
  • eilig [German] Hurried, hasty, speedy.
  • Eingang [German] An introduction, preface or prelude.
  • eingestrichenes C [German] See middle C.
  • einschlafen [German] Literally, “falling asleep”. A directive to slacken the time and diminish the tempo and the tone.
  • elegante [Italian] Elegant, graceful.
  • elegia [Italian] See elegy.
  • elegy A funeral song; a mournful or plaintive composition.
  • embellishment See ornament.
  • embouchure [French] The placement of the lips, lower facial muscles and jaws in playing a wind instrument.
  • emiola [Italian] See hemiola.
  • emiolia [Italian] See hemiola.
  • Empfindung [German] Feeling, sentiment.
  • empfindungsvoll [German] Feelingly.
  • en élargissant [French] See allargando.
  • enarmonico [Italian] See enharmonic.
  • encore [French] “Again”.
  • energico [Italian] With energy, vigorous.
  • English flute See recorder.
  • enharmonic Two notes, intervals, or scales having different names but equal pitch.
  • enharmoninen [Finnish] See enharmonic.
  • enharmonique [French] See enharmonic.
  • enharmonisch [German] See enharmonic.
  • enharmonisk [Swedish] See enharmonic.
  • ensemble [French] A group of musicians that perform as a unit.
  • entonación justa [Spanish] See just intonation.
  • envelope An acoustical term referring to the attack, steady state (or duration), and decay of a sound.
  • envoi [French] A short final stanza of a ballade which serves as a summary or dedication.
  • envoy See envoi.
  • episode Interlude or intermediate section in the baroque fugue, which serves as an area of relaxation between statements of the subject.
  • equal temperament Tuning system dividing the octave into 12 equal semitones.
  • ernstig [German] See grave.
  • erregt [German] “Agitated”.
  • escala [Spanish] See scale.
  • espressione [Italian] “Expression”.
  • espressivo [Italian] “Expressive”.
  • estampie [French] A type of early instrumental music of the 13th and 14th centuries, consisting of independent sections strung together.
  • estinto [Italian] Literally, “extinguished”. A directive to perform as soft as possible.
  • estribillo [Spanish] See refrain.
  • estro [Italian] See verve.
  • ettstruket C [Swedish] See middle C.
  • étude [French] Study piece that focuses on a particular technical problem.
  • etuhele [Finnish] See appoggiatura.
  • etwas [German] “Somewhat”.
  • exposition The first statement of a theme.
  • expression The blend of feeling and intellect brought to a performance by the performer.