This Adagio is the opening movement of French Baroque composer Jean-Marie Leclair's Sonata for violin or flute and continuo in A minor, Op. 1 No. 1. The first edition of this sonata was published in Paris around 1723.
Originally a Scottish song air, with alternating verses sung by a man and a woman, this tune has become very popular in Northumbria, where it is now a part of the local piping repertoire.
A bawbee was a Scottish halfpenny, a copper coin that was hammered until 1677.
Thanks to Phil for suggesting this tune!
This theme with variations is the thirteenth piece from 22 Studies in Expression and Facility, Op. 89 by Italian flutist and composer Ernesto Köhler. This collection was originally published in 1904 with the German title 22 Vortrags- und Geläufigkeits Etuden für Flöte.
Today we propose the third movement of Italian Baroque composer Arcangelo Corelli's Trio Sonata Op. 2 No. 4 in E minor, published in 1685. This movement features a four-bar introductory Grave (the slowest tempo indication), which soon gives way to an Adagio.
Thanks to Mario for contributing this piece!
This brilliant set of variations on “La Carmagnole” was written by Italian violinist and composer Giuseppe Maria Cambini in 1794. It was published together with a set of variations on “La Marseillaise” titled “Marche des Marseillois”.
As a song, “La Carmagnole” was created and made popular during the French Revolution, based on a dance tune of the same name that may have been brought into France by the Piedmontese. The title comes from the name of the short jacket worn by working-class militant sans-culottes, adopted from the Piedmontese peasant costume, whose name derives from the town of Carmagnola.
The earliest printing of this tune is in Neil Stewart's A Collection of the Newest and the Best Reels and Country Dances (1761), as “Captain Keller”, a title that persisted in 18th-century publications. In 19th-century collections, however, the same reel most often appears as “Captain Keeler”.
The study in G minor that we propose today is the eighteenth piece from Studi per il flauto in tutti j tuoni e modi (“Flute studies in all keys and modes”) by French-Italian flutist and composer Niccolò Dôthel (a.k.a. Nicolas D'Hotel).