Today's piece is the opening movement of Amusement de Mars, a suite for solo instrument (“musette, vielle, flute and oboe” according to the original edition) and continuo by the French Baroque composer Nicolas Chédeville.
This tune is taken from Harding's All-Round Collection of Jigs, Reels and Country Dances, published in New York in 1905. The piece does not bear an actual title, and is designated simply as a “straight jig”, which is a type of old-time tune whose name is derived from the type of dance it was originally meant to accompany. It is not to be confused with “regular” jigs, which are always in triple meter (e.g. 6/8).
This is the twentieth piece from 22 Studies in Expression and Facility, Op. 89 by Italian flutist and composer Ernesto Köhler. This collection was originally published in 1904 with the German title 22 Vortrags- und Geläufigkeits Etuden für Flöte.
This corrente is the second movement of Italian Baroque composer Arcangelo Corelli's Trio Sonata No. 6 in G minor, published in 1685. Corelli was a violinist, and this sonata was originally scored for two violins and continuo; however, it can be played without issues by two flutes.
Thanks to Mario for contributing this piece!
Czech Romantic composer Antonín Dvořák wrote this piece in 1880, as the fourth of seven songs that constitute his cycle Gypsy Songs (Czech: Cigánské melodie), B. 104, Op. 55. It is, without a doubt, the most popular song in the entire cycle, and one of Dvořák's most beloved songs.
The piece features an unusual rhythmical structure: the melody line is written in 2/4 time, while the piano accompaniment is in 6/8 time. Because of this, there is a constant 2-against-3 feel that yields a rich and flowing texture.
This reel is taken from Francis O'Neill's collection Waifs and Strays of Gaelic Melody, published in 1922. O'Neill notes:
Well-born and of surprising loveliness only equaled by their poverty, the famous Gunning sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, born in Roscommon and educated in Dublin, became Lady Coventry, and Dutchess of Hamilton respectively, in 1752, one year after their arrival in London. The marriages of “two Irish girls of no fortune who are declared the handsomest women alive” were great public events. “May the Luck of the Gunnings attend you” was a proverbial Irish blessing. The above setting of a tune composed in their honor, and printed in James Aird's Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 1, 1782 is doubtless the original.
This study in triplets is the twenty-fifth piece from Studi per il flauto in tutti j tuoni e modi (“Flute studies in all keys and modes”) by French-Italian flutist and composer Niccolò Dôthel (a.k.a. Nicolas D'Hotel).