This is the closing movement of the sixth of the Il pastor fido sonatas, first published in 1737 and traditionally attributed to Antonio Vivaldi. The actual composer, Nicolas Chédeville, made a secret agreement with Jean-Noël Marchand to publish a collection of his own compositions as Vivaldi's Op. 13. Chédeville supplied the money and received the profits, all of which was recorded in a notarial act. This may have been an attempt to give his instrument, the musette, the endorsement of a great composer which it lacked.
“Ai vist lo lop” (“I saw the wolf”) is an old traditional Occitan folk song believed to date back to the 13th century. Occitan was historically the main language spoken in southern France, and it is sometimes still used, for the most part as a second language. Two versions of this song exist, one in the form of a 3/8-time bourrée and one in duple or quadruple meter. Both are still sung today, but the latter is more prevalent, and is also used as a nursery rhyme.
This is the fifth piece from 22 Studies in Expression and Facility, Op. 89 by Italian flutist and composer Ernesto Köhler. This collection was originally published in 1904 with the German title 22 Vortrags- und Geläufigkeits Etuden für Flöte.
This arrangement for three flutes of the famous Flower Duet by Delibes was kindly contributed to our collection by Deborah Twiddy.
The duet originally takes place in Act I of Léo Delibes's opera Lakmé, first performed in Paris in 1883. It is sung by Lakmé (soprano), the daughter of a Brahmin priest, and her servant Mallika (mezzo-soprano), as they go to gather flowers by a river.
This chaconne is the fourth movement of Georg Philipp Telemann's Partita No. 6 in E-flat major, TWV 41:Es1, originally published in 1716 as part of the Kleine Kammermusik (“little chamber music”) collection. The original edition indicates that the melody is intended to be played by an oboe, a violin, or a flute.
According to Tomás Ó Canainn's autobiography A Lifetime of Notes (1996), this slow air was originally collected in the west Cork Gaeltacht (a primarily Irish-speaking region) from the singing of a woman in the late 19th century. Among the most notable recordings are those by singer Iarla Ó Lionáird and by tin whistle master Mary Bergin.
Thanks to Phil for suggesting this tune!
This study in E minor is the tenth piece from Studi per il flauto in tutti j tuoni e modi (“Flute studies in all keys and modes”) by French-Italian flutist and composer Niccolò Dôthel (a.k.a. Nicolas D'Hotel).