This tune was composed by British writer and musician Ignatius Sancho (1729–1780), and was first printed in his Twelve Country Dances for the Year 1779.
The earliest appearance of this tune is in O'Farrell's Pocket Companion for the Irish or Union Pipes, published around 1805. This early version was set in D minor, but pretty much all later occurrences of the jig have been in either Mixolydian or major mode.
Today's piece is the thirty-third study from 40 Nuovi Studi, Op. 75, by Italian flutist, composer and arranger Luigi Hugues.
This Allegretto for two flutes is taken from the celebrated Méthode de flûte by French flutist Jean-Louis Tulou, published in Paris in 1835.
One of twelve marches Sousa composed for various expositions or fairs, “The Pathfinder of Panama” was dedicated to the Panama Canal and the Panama-Pacific Exposition held in San Francisco in 1915. The march was composed at the request of Walter Anthony, a reporter for the San Francisco Call. The newly-constructed Panama Canal was the pathfinder of the title; it shortened the ocean voyage between San Francisco and New York by 8,000 miles.
Thanks to Elan for suggesting this piece!
Irish historian Patrick Weston Joyce printed two versions of this tune in his Ancient Irish Music (1873), of which the present air is the second of the two referred to in his remarks:
This air I have known from my childhood, and always by the name of the “Súiste buidhe”, or “The yellow flail”. But the air immediately following, which I noted down from the singing of Joseph Martin, a native of county Limerick, was, according to him, known by the same name. They are both similar in character and expression — airy and graceful in movement; and as they are precisely alike in measure and rhythm, it is probably that an Irish song called “Súiste Buide” was sung to both indifferently, and gave them the same name. Observe that both are song airs, and are to be played somewhat slower than double jig time.
This étude is the sixth piece of a collection of Twelve Grand Studies for the flute by Theobald Boehm, the German inventor who perfected the modern Western concert flute and its improved fingering system.