Tune of the Day: Hail, Columbia
This song was considered, with several others, one of the unofficial national anthems of the United States until 1931, when “The Star-Spangled Banner” was officially named the national anthem. Columbia is a poetic name for the United States in use during the 18th century.
The anthem was composed by violinist Philip Phile in 1789 for the first inauguration of George Washington, titled “The President's March”, arranged with lyrics by Joseph Hopkinson in 1798. It was used in the United States as a de-facto national anthem for most of the 19th century, but lost popularity after World War I.
It is now the entrance march, or the official song, for the Vice President of the United States in a similar fashion as “Hail to the Chief” is for the President. In addition, the song has been used as a slow march during military ceremonies, often while the band counter-marches.
Thanks to Steve for suggesting this tune!