This Scottish tune is also known as “Carlisle Lasses”, and appears in Feldman and O'Doherty's Northern Fiddler collection as “Neil Gow's Strathspey”.
The piece we propose today is the eighteenth study from 50 Etudes mélodiques pour la flûte by French flutist and composer Jules Demersseman.
This gavotte constitutes the fourth and final movement of the eighth sonata from a collection of 12 “little sonatas” for two flutes by the prolific French Baroque composer Joseph Bodin de Boismortier.
This Adagio is the opening movement of a Sonata in C major for recorder and basso continuo, written by Italian composer Benedetto Marcello around 1712.
This capstan shanty (a shanty sung as the capstan was turned to raise the anchor) describes the story of British navy men sailing north from Spain and along the English Channel.
A ballad by the name of “Spanish Lady” was registered in 1624 with the Stationers' Company, and it is possible that it is related to this tune or one of its variants. The oldest mention of the present song, however, does not appear until the 1796 logbook of HMS Nellie, making it more likely a Napoleonic era invention.
The song has been found in several different minor and major keys, but folk music collector Cecil Sharp considers the version in minor keys to be the original. Several variants exist that use the same melody but substitute different lyrics. “Brisbane Ladies” is an Australian tune about drovers instead of sailors; a significantly modified version called “The Ryans and the Pittmans”, widely known as “We'll Rant and We'll Roar”, is from Newfoundland; and there is an American variant called “Yankee Whalermen”. The melody is also used for “Streets of Laredo”, a 19th-century American cowboy ballad.
“Spanish Ladies” is mentioned in the 40th chapter of Melville's Moby-Dick, and appears in Spielberg's 1975 film Jaws. It was also sung in the 2003 film Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World, and in the 2007 film Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End.
Thanks to Steve for suggesting this tune!
This is the sixteenth study from a collection of 18 Etudes for flute published in 1891 by Danish flutist and composer Joachim Andersen.
This is the opening movement of the first of French flutist and composer François Devienne's Six Duos pour Deux Flûtes (“Six Duets for Two Flutes”), published in Paris around 1790.